Amusing video about the US having a Super Carrier Task Force in WW2.
(Pre-supposes you get a swap out ... so you don't have the existing US fleet.)
TL/DR (Too Long Didn't Read): The creator says it would not have changed much.
Though I would say the biggest benefit is you would have the expertise to fight a war at Sea and pretty good intelligence from the future fleet.
Plus, the shock effect of encountering a fleet you can't touch and that blisters you mercilessly would be pretty significant.
It would make an interesting 3 page game.